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【A类】2015年5月16日雅思笔试真题回忆

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听力Section 3
21. C
22. A
23. C
24. B
25. B
26. B. length of the presentation
27. A. state suryers
28. C. misinterpret the supporting data
29. B. soil with water on the mud surface
30. C. details of the site in the note
 
Section three
新题
场景:作业讨论 
题型:配对题 5个 

内容回忆:
Jill 和 P(女生)与教授讨论研究课程,要去实地考察 Bond River reservoir 

答案回忆:

31-35 配对题
选项
A definitely present
B possibly present
C not present
21-25 在考察的地方下列东西是否存在? 
21. sand——B
22. village ——C
23. 待补充
24. animal track——A
25. mud ——A

26-30 单选题
26. 学生问教授他们不确定的是什么东西? 
B. 做完勘察后做 the length of presentation
28. 教授建议他们勘察的时候要怎么做?
Make a detailed note on site
29. Jill 对于这个项目最担心/最难的是? D.Interpretation of the data
30. 勘探时容易碰到的危险是什么?
C. water on the surface of mud

Section 4
31. petrol station
32. scotland
33. head office
34. fresh food
35. retained
36. manager
37. profit
38. strategies
39. partners
40. organisations
Section four 
版本号:131012 
场景:历史
题型:填空10

内容回忆:超市扩张,Briton 名字,发展 

答案回忆:

31. 超市在什么地方开更多的分店增加市场占有率(market share)? 答案:Petrol station
32. 这个地方扩张是把哪里的店关掉了?
closed down the stores in Southern Scotland
33. 这个店和其他店不同,a new brand focuses on fresh food
34. 200 多员工或被分配(transferred)到其他地方,或被 retrained 35. retail store should be flexible in profits
36. 公司对于自己选择的什么东西要保持开放的态度(open- minded)? 答案:strategies
37. 关闭伦敦的 head office
38. seek help from the partners
39. had a manager to handle the discussion
40. save cost by changing/reducing the orgnisations in department

(答案仅供参考,顺序可能有误)

2015年5月16日雅思阅读真题回忆

P1 仿生学Passage One 
New 
题材:生物类
题目:Bionics 
题型:Matching5+T/F/G 4+选择 4 

内容回忆:
第一段通过 fish引出仿生学,发明一种车,效率高,3levels,工业相关,Economy,启示 

答案回忆:
选项:
3 levels
1.名车 1
2. recycled gas 3
3.Marine 2
4. cosmetics 2
5. Removing salt 去盐碱化 判断
6. 数值 30% 仿生学提高效率 T 
7. 发明的车卖的最好的 NG
8. 一个项目 每个大洲都有 NG 
9. 有个公司发明 painting F 


P2 防洪
原文录入如下:
Can we Hold Back the Flood?

欧洲从中世纪以来,史上最严重洪水传统方法A: 挖渠, 但是洪水依然汹涌
A LAST winter's floods on the rivers of central Europe were among the worst since the Middle Ages, and as winter storms return, the spectre of floods is returning too. Just weeks ago, the river Rhône in south-east France burst its banks, driving 15,000 people from their homes, and worse could be on the way. Traditionally, river engineers have gone for Plan A: get rid of the water fast, draining it off the land and down to the sea in tall-sided rivers re-engineered as high-performance drains. But however big they dig city drains, however wide and straight they make the rivers, and however high they build the banks, the floods keep coming back to taunt them, from the Mississippi to the Danube. And when the floods come, they seem to be worse than ever.No wonder engineers are turning to Plan B: sap the water's destructive strength by dispersing it into fields, forgotten lakes, flood plains and aquifers.

多绕道的河道对现在的洪水也没有效果。提到莱茵河
B Back in the days when rivers took a more tortuous path to the sea, flood waters lost impetus and volume while meandering across flood plains and idling through wetlands and inland deltas. But today the water tends to have an unimpeded journey to the sea. And this means that when it rains in the uplands, the water comes down all at once. Worse, whenever we close off more flood plain, the river's flow farther downstream becomes more violent and uncontrollable. Dykes are only as good as their weakest link - and the water will unerringly find it. By trying to turn the complex hydrology of rivers into the simple mechanics of a water pipe, engineers have often created danger where they promised safety, and intensified the floods they meant to end.Take the Rhine, Europe most engineered river. For two centuries,German engineers have erased its backwaters and cut it off from its flood plain. 

莱茵河长度减少,水流加快,危害很大,密西西比河也一样, flood plain 不停地重复
C Today, the river has lost 7 per cent of its original length and runs up to a third faster. When it rains hard in the Alps, the peak flows from several tributaries coincide in the main river, where once they arrived separately. And with four-fifths of the lower Rhine's flood plain barricaded off, the waters rise ever higher. The result is more frequent flooding that does ever-greater damage to the homes, offices and roads that sit on the flood plain. Much the same has happened in the US on the mighty Mississippi, which drains the world's second largest river catchment into the Gulf of Mexico.

欧盟研究下雨天气预报来缓解,但仍然。
D The European Union is trying to improve rain forecasts and more accurately model how intense rains swell rivers. That may help cities prepare, but it won't stop the floods. To do that, say hydrologists, you need a new approach to engineering not just rivers, but the whole landscape. The UK's Environment Agency - which has been granted an extra £150 million a year to spend in the wake of floods in 2000 that cost the country £1 billion - puts it like this: "The focus is now on working with the forces of nature. Towering concrete walls are out, and new wetlands are in."To help keep London's feet dry, the agency is breaking the Thames's banks upstream and reflooding 10 square kilometres of ancient flood plain at Otmoor outside Oxford. Nearer to London it has spent £100 million creating new wetlands and a relief channel across 16 kilometres of flood plain to protect the town of Maidenhead, as well as the ancient playing fields of Eton College. And near the south coast the agency is digging out channels to reconnect old meanders on the river Cuckmere in East Sussex that were cut off by flood banks 150 years ago.
The same is taking place on a much grander scale in Austria, in one of Europe's largest river restorations to date. Engineers are regenerating flood plains along 60 kilometres of the river Drava as it exits the Alps. They are also widening the river bed and channelling it back into abandoned meanders, oxbow lakes and backwaters overhung with willows. The engineers calculate that the restored flood plaincan now store up to 10 million cubic metres of flood waters and slow storm surges coming out of the Alps by more than an hour, protecting towns as far downstream as Slovenia and Croatia.

荷兰的一个专家说,洪水需要更大的空间,缓解。"soft engineers" 需要城市成为渗水性,柏林是个优秀的例子。
F "Rivers have to be allowed to take more space. They have to be turned from flood-chutes into flood-foilers," says Nienhuis. And the Dutch, for whom preventing floods is a matter of survival, have gone furthest. A nation built largely on drained marshes and seabed had the fright of its life in 1993 when the Rhine almost overwhelmed it. The same happened again in 1995, when a quarter of a million people were evacuated from the Netherlands. But a new breed of "soft engineers" wants our cities to become porous, and Berlin is their shining example. Since reunification, the city's massive redevelopment has been governed by tough new rules to prevent its drains becoming overloaded after heavy rains. Harald Kraft, an architect working in the city, says: "We now see rainwater as a resource to be kept rather than got rid of at great cost."A good illustration is the giant Potsdamer Platz, a huge new commercial redevelopment by Daimler Chrysler in the heart of the city. 
LA每年花巨资,来对付突然的雨水。。。
G Los Angeles has spent billions of dollars digging huge drains and concreting river beds to carry away the water from occasional intense storms. The latest plan is to spend a cool $280 million raising the concrete walls on the Los Angeles river by another 2 metres. Yet many communities still flood regularly.Meanwhile this desert city is shipping in water from hundreds of kilometres away in northern California and from the Colorado river in Arizona to fill its taps and swimming pools, and irrigate its green spaces. It all sounds like bad planning. "In LA we receive half the water we need in rainfall, and we throw it away. Then we spend hundreds of millions to import water," says Andy Lipkis, an LA environmentalist wh

Lipkis和市民,以及政府都投巨资来支持LA的渗水计划。
H Lipkis, along with citizens groups like Friends of the Los Angeles River and Unpaved LA, want to beat the urban flood hazard and fill the taps by holding onto the city's flood water. And it's not just a pipe dream. The authorities this year launched a $100 million scheme to road-test the porous city in one flood-hit community in Sun Valley. The plan is to catch the rain that falls on thousands of driveways, parking lots and rooftops in the valley. Trees will soak up water from parking lots. Homes and public buildings will capture roof water to irrigate gardens and parks. And road drains will empty into old gravel pits and other leaky places that should recharge the city's underground water reserves. Result: less flooding and more water for the city.Plan B says every city should be porous, every river should have room to flood naturally and every coastline should be left to build its own defences. It sounds expensive and utopian, until you realise how much we spend trying to drain cities and protect our watery margins - and how bad we are at it.
 
Passage two 
New 
题材:自然环境类 
题目:治理洪水
题型:Matching 6+判断 4+填空 3 

内容回忆:
最近洪水袭击欧洲 
最近有些办法治理 
依然没有解决问题
新的解决方法在 3 个国家使用 
荷兰使用特殊方法,入海口冲刷湿地 
深水让市民利用
洛杉矶的一个项目 

答案回忆:
14. 过去有一些方法可以治理洪水
15. 2 reasons for isolated from a flooding plain iii 
16. the method has been used in three countries iv 
17.一个国家荷兰牺牲标志 v
18. 作者对比率新旧方法的花费 vii 多选
19. canal directed to the sea
20. Lots of areas and lands

填空 4
21. Europe attacked by flood recently
22. 跟另一条河 Mississippi, two rivers are similar 
23. 有个城市使用了项目名字 soft engineer
24. 小规模用大规模规划 Los Angeles
 
P3 儿童认知

Passage three
New 
题材:教育类
题目:what do baby think 
题型:判断6+句子匹配4+选择4 

内容回忆:
引出实验
观察在母亲不在时儿童的表现
父母,科学家普遍看法 
小孩对一实验小火车穿进洞里颜色的改变的反应及表现 
Gj 认为孩子没有认知
Ss 同意GJ的观点
有个学者的实验 

答案回忆:
31.小孩对火车实验的反应不惊讶 T
32. 家长 高估孩子反应 NG
33. 一百个实验对象 证明以前理论对 T
34. 小火车实验对于科学家太简单 不可信 F
35. 父母拒绝实验 NG 
36. 这两人观点相似 T Matching
37. 科学家说小孩学 speech 
38. 孩子什么时候会
39. 火车实验说明了。 
40. 段落大意作者的目的

(答案仅供参考,顺序可能有误)

2015年5月16日雅思写作真题回忆

小作文:
The diagram shows the stages of processing cocoa beans.
 
 


大作文:
澳洲:Health experts claim that walking is the best exercise. However people are walking less on a daily basis. What has made it happen and how to deal with this?

大陆:To improve the quality of education, people think that we should encourage our students to evaluate and criticize their teachers. Others believe that it will result in a loss of respect and discipline in the classroom. Discuss on both sides and give your own opinion.

类似旧题:

05.04.09
Nowadays education quality is very low. Some people think we should encourage our students to evaluate and criticise their teachers. Others believe that it will result in a loss of respect and discipline in the classroom. Discuss on both sides.

08.06.21
Some people think that children should obey the rules or do what their parents and teachers want them to do. Other people think that children controlled too much can’t deal with problem themselves. Discuss both views and state your own opinion.

   这次作文的题型为讨论类,题材为教育类,据今天考试的学生反映,今天的大作文难度适中,考生们只要在备考的过程中训练过教育类题材基本上都有能力应对这个题目。且看名师带来的写作分析和范文:

    写作基本思路:本文分为四段,考生们需要对“应该”和“不应该”两方观点进行展开论证。例文中分别对“学生应该对老师进行评价”和“学生不应该对老师进行评价”这两个观点进行了论证,最后结论给出“应该评价”和“不应该评价”的优缺点,保持中立态度。

Para1:紧扣题目,描述题目中所出现的现象,提出中立观点,给出将在接下来段落中所讨论的主题。
Para2:从“学生应该给老师评价”拓展分析,指出学生评价老师这个行为会带给学生和老师什么样的正面效果。
Para3:从“学生不应该给老师评价”拓展分析,指出学生评价老师这个行为会带来的负面效果,从而表现出雅思考试要求考生需要掌握的辩证讨论的能力。
Para4:总结全文并且点题,再一次强调自己中立的观点。

参考词汇:
Evaluate v.评价,评估
Discipline n.规矩,规则
Feedback n.反馈
Performance n.表现
Downside n.负面,消极面
Embolden v.鼓励,使...有胆量
Immature adj.不成熟的
Entail v.牵涉
Counterproductive adj.事与愿违的
Disruptive adj.破坏的
Impartial adj.公平的,公正的

参考范文

In order to guarantee the quality of education, many educators propose that students should be entitled to evaluate and criticize their teachers. However, others stand on a different ground. They claim that it will lead to disrespect and a loss of discipline in the classroom.
On the one hand, we cannot deny the fact that students' evaluation can guarantee the teaching quality to some extent. Conceivably, if teachers receive feedback with regards to their classroom performance from students, they can adjust the contents or styles accordingly for the purpose of meeting the students' needs. In this sense, it not only facilitates the communication between students and teachers, but also improves the quality of education.
On the other hand, however, this policy may entail certain downside. Provided that students are emboldened to criticize their teachers without any limitation or regulation, it may end up counterproductive. Immature or disruptive students who do not respect teachers will take advantage of this chance to criticize their teachers or even utter insults. Under such circumstances, it will definitely discourage teachers and disrupt normal classroom activities, which is not advantageous for improving the quality of education at all.
In my point of view, appropriate evaluation about teachers' teaching quality is acceptable, whereas irresponsible criticisms or offensive words, which may afflict teachers' dignity or interrupt classroom order, are neither suitable nor recommendable. In other words, students can be encouraged to give teachers impartial evaluations but it has to be carried out in such a way that causes no trouble to teacher’s normal classroom performance. (257 words 100edu提供)

范文二:
For ages, well-acknowledged observation of the nation has fallen on the outcomes of education and the effective ways of improving the quality of schooling. After reforming educational system, amending textbooks and supervising examinations, authorities and schools convert their attention to teachers’ assessment from students. Some enthusiastically advocate that it can be a feasible method to enhance teaching quality while others raise their doubts on the objectivity. To my best knowledge, I contend that appropriate and objective evaluation from students can prompts teachers’ performance. 

On one hand, students, as the recipients of teaching, are qualified to assess their teachers. The direct result of teaching is, undoubtedly, students’ scores in tests, but it is subject to students’ mood conditions and learning levels. Therefore, teachers’ performance is supposed to be evaluated with accordance to other indicators like teaching methods, teaching attitudes as well as teaching atmosphere. As a result, students, who have the closest and most frequent interactions, should be the ones giving their opinions and suggestions on their teachers. What’s more, the regular and proper feedback is likely to satisfy the needs of different students. The critical response from all of the students can help teachers have a better understanding of their students, and thus, knowing more about their students’ demand, teachers are able to acquire the expected outcomes and avoid students’ disappointment and teaching failures. 

On the other hand, because some of the students are not objective enough, it might cause inaccurate appraisal about their teachers. In other words, some of the students might dislike a certain teacher for his personalities or other unknown reasons. The extreme emotions, in turn, will naturally influence their comments and the feedback could not be reliable or even worse, could be offensive. Under such situations, teaching evaluation loses its origin functions; rather, it becomes a platform to show students’ disrespect to their teachers. 

In summary, a proper assessment system should be built up, and with reasonable comments and valid feedback, it can be an effective practice to improve teaching quality.(启扬)




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