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雅思听力中的口语经

文章来源:未知   责任编辑:yanxing 点击浏览  次

    很多烤鸭在使用稍复杂的口语句型时都有所保留,因为总感觉会出错,所以干脆只使用简单的语法,或是把精力都用在词汇等其他方面上,但是这些做法都无法弥补考官心中所期望的高分语法要求,其实只要考生在表达过程中努力尝试使用一些高级的语法句型,哪怕是偶尔出现了一些错误,考官给予的分数也一定比只使用简单语法的情况要高一些的。所以为了能够尽自己所能提高语法分数,我们一定要大胆尝试一些高级的语法句型。接下来,专家就带考生们一起通过一些听力真题来了解一下哪些高级语法会赢得考官的关注和好感吧。
    高级语法使用(Higher Level Grammar)
    七分必备语法之非真实条件句:
【听力真题】
    If we were aware of what the weather would be like, say, next year, we could make sure that the farmers planted appropriate grain varieties to produce the best yield from the available rainfall.【7-3-3】
    But if you could search out some silver paper to bring along to use in the sessions, you know, it’s shiny – it looks like water, that’d be great.【6-2-1】
    Secondly, there is something very powerful in our need to pampered and looked after, it’s almost as If we return to being a baby, when everything was done for us and we felt safe and secure.【7-3-4】
    I’d say your first two sections are spot on. I wouldn’t suggest that you change anything there, but in section three you really do need to have questions on teaching experience.【6-2-3】
【相关点评】
    以上是剑桥6和7的各个section的听力真题,在其中我们听到了各种形式虚拟语气的使用,包括:
    If 引导的非真实条件状语从句
   表示建议,要求,命令,想法(如 suggest,advise,insist)的动词后的从句
   含有as if / as though 的从句
   虚拟语气可以表示说话人的一种愿望,假设,怀疑,猜测,建议等含义,因为在雅思口语的很多真题都是针对预测和建议而设置的,因此它们是不可替代的高分语法结构,例如:
【真题举例】
Part 1:
What would you recommend a tourist see in your hometown?
If you could redesign your home,what would you do?
If you could go back in time,  what would you do differently?
Part 2:
………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Describe a party you would like to arrange for your friends or family.
You should say:
 who you would invite to the party
when and where you would hold the party
 what you (or, your guests) would do at the party
and explain why you would hold this party.
………………………………………………………………………………………………...
Part 3:
Do you think it would be a good idea to have a festival that is truly international, that is celebrated by everyone all over the world?
If you were to decide upon (or, set) an international celebration, what would it be?
    所以正确并熟练地使用以上听力真题中的虚拟语气的句型,尤其是其中的“if…would”这样最基本的虚拟语气句型,是拿到语法高分的一个很重要的因素。
【利用指数】★★★★★
    高级语法使用(Higher Level Grammar)
    七分必备语法之情态动词完成时:
【听力真题】
    The early farmers kept various animals, including cattle and sheep. There’s also evidence of pigs, but it is possible that these could have been descended from the native wild species….so we must assume that form the beginnings of Neolithic farming the number of breeding sheep would have considerably exceeded three hundred, and the national cattle must have been of a similar size…but this method would have severely restricted the range of the colonialist fleets.  The sheer volume of animal transport necessary means it’s unlikely that this livestock could have been brought from anywhere further than England…the body of the lough would have been of wood and could have been drawn by people, but it’s also likely that cattle were used… however, after the ace had been chipped into shape, they needed water and sand for grinding and polishing, so a high mountainside wouldn’t have been an appropriate place for this. So this final stage of the manufacture must have been carried out close to water and sure enough, there’s ample evidence of this at coastal sites… after firing, the outside was often polished. This would have helped the pots of retain water, as they weren’t glazed… this could have been an limitation of earlier vessels which were made of leather sewn onto wood.
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