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雅思地图题中可用的摩登句型

文章来源:未知   责任编辑:yanxing 点击浏览  次

    今年的雅思写作考试地图题频出,这不得不让大家为雅思考官出题不平衡性的思路而着急,但咱们还是专心备考,在这给大家介绍一些“地图题”当中非常优秀的句型,请看下面一幅地理“变迁类”地图题:
 
 
  写作中,第一幅图为静态地理位置描写,并不算难;但当描述到第二幅图的时候,许多同学徒有一些表示“扩建”“缩减”“被替代”的词汇,却不知道到底如何写出高分句子。现在就是用句型让他们发挥作用的时刻了,快,我们一起来精读一段范文吧:
 
  In the present-day town, a great deal changed.
 
  分析:主题句,概述这个小镇经历了很大的变迁。
 
  Perhaps the most noticeable change are those relating to transportation. Our modern-day needs are very different and so the roads have been improved and traffic lights, a roundabout and a zebra crossing have been added, as well as an extra road. Increased traffic means that a car park has now replaced Goode Farm and the fields that are located at the top of the 1700 map.
 
  分析:此段首先采用被动语态,最显客观。分别用‘have been done’的结构,即现在完成时搭配被动语态,一举通吃,描述道路被修缮了,安全岛和斑马线被增建了,时态和句型都有加分。其后,一个停车场取代了原来的 Goode农场,此处句式进行变化,回归主动的叙述,A取代B的句型,毫无重复。这一段,我们积累的必备句型为被动式:A have been v-ed (eg. added/removed etc.) 主动式:B have replaced C
 
  Housing is another area where many changes have been made. While in 1700 there were few houses, now there are rows of houses and a block of flats instead of the stables.
 
  分析:总起“房屋是另一个变化所在”,然后采取时间前后对比描述,’While in XX there were..., now there are...’ 一前一后的对比,十分清晰,这同样可以作为重点句型的积累,但是特别注意描述过去的情况用过去时,描述现在的情况回到一般现在时。
 
  A further development is the supermarket and the hotel, which have been extended.
 
  分析:前面已经用过对比句型,为了避免重复,范文再次为小烤鸭指引航向,一个非限定性定语从句:’..., which has/have been...’的结构,将变化之处再次明确表达出来,让人眼前一亮。此句可总结为’A further development is the..., which have been...’
 
  以上句型总结的干净利落,却又实用有效,希望帮助在大家准备雅思的道路上,早日屠鸭咯!
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