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最新雅思写作实战教案

文章来源:雅思实战   责任编辑:yanxing 点击浏览  次

  题型--->结构--->观点--->句型--->词汇
 
  运用恰当的语言去表达个人的思维逻辑。语言只是辅助工具,思维逻辑才是主线和抢分点。
 
  何谓题型?其实雅思写作task2题型一般有三大类:report,argumentation 和 “report + argumentation” 的结合体。
 
   report:只有三个要素:
 
  1. cause
 
  2. influence (积极或消极的)
 
  3. solution
 
  通常report类的文体,不会同时出现以上三个要素,只会有一到两个的配搭,即:cause+influence,cause + solution,influence + solution,或只问influence。在这种题型底下,它的结构就非常的单一:开头段+ 原因分析段(一般分析3个原因)+ 影响分析段(一个列举3个影响)+ 解决办法段(这些解决办法一定要对应于之前分析的原因或者影响)+ 结尾段。这个结构是应该视情况而定(as the case may be)
 
  argumentation:一般有三种问法:
 
  1. discuss both views and give your own opinion
 
  2. to what extent do you agree or disagree
 
  3. do you think the advantage outweigh the disadvantage
 
  其实argumentation就是两种,那就是1 和 2/3(2和3可以看成同一类)。1是要你先分析双方有什么合理之处,然后再给出你自己的个人观点。很明显这是需要均衡结构。意思是,假如你支持观点1用了三个论点,然后到你支持观点2的时候也得同样用三个论点(想不到是不行的,无论如何都要列出三个论点!),最后在结尾清晰表达你自己的最后看法。对于这种题型,开头段也是表明观点,例如:
 
  some people argue???, while others claim that???. I personally believe that???。
 
  所以,这个文体的结构应该是:开头段(回应题目+表达自己的观点)+ 支持观点1(n个论点)+ 支持观点2(n个论点)+ 结尾段(表明自己的观点)。请注意,这个题型是不能用一面倒的!
 
  至于agree/disagree or advantage/disvantage 题型,根据考官的推介,最理想的结构是:开头段+让步段+ 支持段(论点1)+ 支持段(论点2)+ 结尾段(表明你自己的观点)。万一想不出让步段,或者时间太紧了来不及让步,也可以吗!
 
  范文赏析
 
  雅思写作Task2范文:留学的利弊
 
  许多学生有机会到国外完成他们的学业,虽然这带来很多好处,但也有些弊端。本篇文章是关于这个论题的雅思范文,请参考。认真研读一定的雅思范文及作文模板可以帮助我们检验自己的写作水平,并能很好地吸收和应用优秀范文里的优秀内容。
 
  Write about the following topic:
 
  Nowadays many students have the opportunity to study for part or all of their courses in foreign countries. While studying abroad brings many benefits to individual students, it also has a number of disadvantages.
 
  Do you agree or disagree?
 
  Model Answer:
 
  In recent years there has been a vast increase in the number of students choosing to study abroad. This is partly because people are more affluent and partly due to the variety of grants and scholarships which are available for overseas students nowadays. Although foreign study is not something that every student would choose, it is an attractive option for many people. 开头段(回应题目+表达自己的观点)
 
  Studying overseas has a number of advantages. Firstly/For example, it may give students access to knowledge and facilities such as laboratories and libraries which are not available in their home country. Furthermore/Moreover/What is more/Secondly, by studying abroad students may find a wider range of courses than those offered in their own country’s universities, and therefore they may find one course which fits more closely to their particular requirements.
 
  On the other hand, studying abroad has a number of drawbacks. These may be divided into personal and professional factors. Firstly students have to leave their family and friends for a long period. Furthermore/Moreover/What is more/Secondly studying abroad is almost always more expensive that studying in one’s local university.  Finally/Furthermore/Moreover/What is more, students often have to study in a foreign language, which may limit their performance and even mean they do not attain their true level.
 
  In my opinion/On the other hand, however, the disadvantages of studying abroad are usually temporary in nature. Students who study abroad generally become proficient in the language quite soon and they are only away from their family and friends for a year or two. Furthermore/What is more, many of the benefits will help the students all their lives, making them highly desirable to prospective employers.
 
  在背单词时候,一定要结合topics,结合观点,有一条脉络。举个例子,在写 what are the influences if the gap between the poor and the rich is widening. 我会选择这么一种方式记单词
 
  贫富悬殊扩大The widening disparity between the rich and the poor--影响influence
 
  两极化 polarize community – 激化社会矛盾intensify the social conflict – 社会对立 social incompatibility – 心理问题 induce psychological problem – 仇富心理 result in hatred for the wealthy – 自卑心理suffer from inferior mentality – 行为过激 aggressive behaviour – 游行protest – 罢工strike – 强烈抗议outcry – 暴乱riot – 反政府反社会 anti-government/ anti-society – 发泄不满 give vent to their anger and dissatisfaction – 增加犯罪 drive up the crime rate
 
  社会不公平 social inequality – 更可能获得公共资源have more access to public resources – 比其他人更容易获得社会特权acquire special privilege over the poor – 进一步分化社会,加剧社会仇恨 Further polarize the society and fuel social hatred – 产生恶性循环 thereby creating a vicious circle
 
  这么记单词的话,思路就会更加清晰,而且避免了为了使用某个大词而妥协了某个观点的做法。单词不再是一个孤立的点,而是一条有机的线
 
  复习计划:本人觉得雅思考试之前需要写大概15到20篇雅思写作task2。时间尽可能压缩在30~35分钟完成。重点不在写,而是要看看自己理顺了思路没有,熟悉了文体没有,阐明了你所想的逻辑没有,用上了应该用上的句型没有
 
  Part 2. 小作文
 
  小作文是从6.5到7分的一个很重要的决定因素。大概每天写一篇就够了,而且时间一定不能多余18分钟。
 
  下推介一个很好的网址,对你练习小作文很有帮助的。
 
  http://www.ielts-exam.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=62&Itemid=32
 
  应该先审题,认真阅读题目,划出关键字,一定要紧紧围绕题目的问题和它所隐含的内容去思考。最好先用2到3分钟把自己的写作框架简单地下来,然后才动笔。大作文应该控制在35分钟写完,小作文应该在18分之内结束。剩下的5分钟应该通读小作文和大作文各一遍,重点看看自己有没有犯语法错误。
 
  TASK 1 小作文
 
  我的个人认为,应该把柱状图,饼图,曲线图和表格看作一个总体,然后区分出是纵向比较还是横向比较;然后地图题是一类,流程图是另外一类。也就是说按照本人的经验,task1 小作文按照图表的本质应该分为:横向比较,纵向比较,地图题和流程图。
 
  Part 1 纵向比较和横向比较
 
  我们得首先观察它们究竟是:不同物体在同一时间点的比较(即横向比较),还是单一物体在不同时间点的比较(即纵向比较)。详细分析如下
 
  横向比较:由于没有时间的变动,因此不存在物体或数据的波动,也就是说,那些描述变化趋势、描述变化特征的词汇和句型完全不适用。此时,我们要focus的是
 
  ? 找出极值(最大值和最小值)
 
  ? 然后客观地、略有筛选地描述剩余数据(若数据太多,则有所侧重;若数据不多,则全部描述)
 
  ? 找出不同数据之间的共同特征和大小比较(谁和谁一样大,谁是谁的几分之几,谁是谁的多少倍)
 
  ? 一个意犹未尽但有心无力的总结
 
  纵向比较:顾名思义,就是由于时间的推移,不同物体和数据之间发生了量的变化,也就是说,这时候关于描述变化趋势和变化特征的词汇和句型就用得上了。此时,我们要concentrate的是
 
  ? 客观描述变化的大体趋势(是升高了还是降低了,是多了还是少了)
 
  ? 然后描述变化的具体特征(是怎样增加的,是怎样减少的,幅度如何,速率如何)
 
  ? 找出变化趋势相似的不同物体,然后客观描述一下,以减少单词和词汇的重复使用,避免啰嗦
 
  ? 同样,这里也需要一个纵横全局的归纳和总结
 
  程度副词
 
  多于:More than, just over, over              少于:Less than, just under
 
  几乎:Approximately, almost, nearly          完全:Exactly, precisely
 
  表示列举data/information句型
 
  1. Overall, A has the largest number of名词(NO1) and B the smallest (NO2). C and D both have NO3; E has NO4.
 
  Overall, Sweden has the largest number of enrolled students (17) and Syria the smallest (5). France and Spain both have 12 students; Germany has 11. It is noticeable that France and Germany have similar profiles.
 
  2. A has the most+名词+doing (NO1); B is next with NO2, while C has NO3. D and E have (相同) NO4 each
 
  Sweden has the most students studying CAD (9); Spain is next with 7, while France has 6. Germany and Syria have 4 CAD students each.
 
  3. According to the pie chart, A, which is %, is the most???among the total???, then next is B with %, followed by C, making up %; and finally come E, F and G at %, %, % respectively.
 
  According to the pie chart, chicken, which is 40%, is the most popular among the total meat sold, then next is pork with 20%, followed by beef, making up 18%; and finally come lamb, fish and other at 15%, 5% and 2% respectively.
 
  纵向比较
 
  1. Experience/witness/see/enjoy+修饰词(最高级)+增加/减少/震荡
 
  Experience/enjoy + a significant/the most dramatic + decrease/increase
 
  增加: increase, growth, rise        减少: decrease, drop
 
  快速: dramatic, drastic               缓慢: gradual, steady, slow
 
  大幅: significant, substantial       小幅: moderate, slight
 
  震荡: considerable/marked/sharp/minor fluctuation
 
  2. The number of??? was No1 in Yr and rose/reduced by % to No2
 
  The number of miles that car traveled was 3199 in 1985 and rose by 50% to 4806 in the subsequent years.
 
  增加/上升: increase, rise, grow        急促上升: jump, soar to, surge to
 
  减少/下降: decrease, drop, decline   急促下降: plummet to, plunge to
 
  3. 主语+上升/减少 to???  or  主语+上升/减少 by
 
  4. The percentage/proportion/number of is 修饰词 larger/ smaller than that of
 
  修饰词   明显: substantially, obviously    轻微: slightly, moderately
 
  5. A 修饰词 increase/decrease occurred
 
  修饰词  大幅: considerable, significant, substantial  小幅: moderate, slight
 
  6. 表示不变的状态:主语 remain constant/unchanged/stable/steady at
 
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