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剑桥雅思13 大作文话题权威解读:农业发展与饥饿

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剑桥雅思13 Test4 大作文In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry. Why is this the case? What can be done about this problem?。尽管农业一直在进步,但世界上还有很多人在挨饿。为什么会这样?有何应对办法?

剑桥雅思写作话题解析原因1

Agricultural advances are made primarily in rich countries. Those countries are sometimes reluctant to share their technology and knowhow with poorer countries. This is because the latter cannot pay them a reasonable amount for them.

农业发展,主要在富国。富国有时候不愿意和没那么富的国家分享技术和诀窍,因为后者无法为这些技术支付合理的费用。

方案1

Ordinary voters could put pressure on their elected representatives to ensure that their governments invest a minimum proportion of national wealth every year in development projects in poor countries. In fact, the United Nations recommends a minimum of 0.75% of GDP be spent by every developed nation for this purpose.

普通的选民可以给他们选出的代表人施压,确保政府会至少投入多大比例的国有财富来发展穷国的农业。事实上,联合国建议每个发达国家投入至少0.75%的GDP到这方面。

剑桥雅思写作话题解析原因2

Even if there was a willingness by advanced nations to share innovations in food science with poorer countries, sometimes the infrastructure in the latter is lacking or there is insufficient political stability. For example, Zimbabwe has benefited very little from advances in agricultures over recent decades because its government has not managed the country well and has been reluctant to accept the help of outsiders.

即使发达国家愿意向不那么富的国家分享食品科学方面的创新,有时候后者基础设施不足,或者不具备政治稳定性。举个例子,津巴布韦在近几十年内几乎没有受益于农业的进步,因为政府没有管理好国家,不愿意接受外人的帮助。

方案2

International bodies could seek to bypass the official structures of countries with political problems that hinder the growth of sufficient food. They could do this by offering food, training and resources to people in areas of sympathetic neighbouring countries, close to the relevant national borders.

国际组织可以想办法绕过有政治问题的国家政府,比如给这些国家的邻国提供食物,培训和资源。(让邻国的人民和这些国家的人民私底下分享技术)

剑桥雅思写作话题解析原因3

The final reason is that many people who go without food live in environmentally precarious regions of the planet, where features of their climate such as regular droughts or devastating floods make it impossible for agriculture to be carried out reliably. A case in point is Haiti, where the people are still recovering from a devastating earthquake in 2010.

最后一个原因是,很多缺乏食物的人生活在地球上环境不稳定地区。那里的气候,可能常年干旱,可能常有洪水,让农业活动无法可靠地开展。一个典型的例子就是海地,那里的人们至今还没完全从2010年的地震中恢复过来。

方案3

The focus of international aid could be shifted more to making such countries more resilient to natural disasters. Often, inadequate infrastructure and long-term resource planning significant aggravate the damaging impacts of natural disasters. For example, money could be invested in strengthening the foundations and structures of buildings so that they can withstand earthquakes, or deeper wells could be dug to extend water supplies during dry seasons.

国际援助的重心,可以更多地转移到提升这样的国家从自然灾害中复原的能力。基础设施不够,资源配置时间过长,都显著恶化了自然灾害的影响。举个例子,钱可以投入来加强建筑物的地基和结构,这样它们就能过经受住地震;或者可以挖更深的井,面对旱季时增加水供给。

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